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Board to board connectors

High quality and competitively priced PCB connectors for any situation. With over 160 standard parts in the GCT Board to board range and a large element of customisation also available. Pitches ranging from 0.8mm to 5.08mm, selectable pin lengths, and insulator heights. Other features include locating peg options, shrouding, polarisation, keyed or elevated headers and sockets, with completely bespoke solutions possible.

Board to board connectors are designed to connect printed circuit boards together without a cable. This connection can be permanent in the case of "hard soldering" (soldering a pin header to the PCB at both ends). This approach may be used in a "fit and forget" solution where no mating cycles are required.

However, in most applications the printed circuit boards are required to be connected and disconnected to simplify assembly and allow design flexibility. Pin headers (male) and socket (female) connectors are used as a pair, one mating and unmating is described as a "mating cycle".

Pin Header Soldered to a PCB at both sides
Pin Header Soldered to a PCB at both sides
Pin Header & Socket on each PCB
Pin Header Soldered to a PCB at both sides
View All Board to Board Connectors
Distance between connector pin centrelines. For dual row products pitch defines distance between both pins and rows. Note 0.8 x 1.2mm (0.31” x .047”) is the exception to this rule.
Filter Board to Board Connectors by Gender
Male headers with exposed pins and female sockets with insulated non-exposed contacts.
Filter Board to Board Connectors by PCB Alignment
Defines the orientation which a connector sits on the PCB. Vertical (straight) is 90° to the PCB, right angle (horizontal) is 180° to the PCB.
Filter on Board to Board Connector Profile
The profile of connectors above the PCB. Vertical connectors denote the stacking profile in parallel PCB applications, right angle connectors denotes height above the PCB.
Filter Board to Board Connectors by Mount Type
Termination method of soldering connector onto PCB.
What are the basic types of board to board connectors?
How do I mount a board to board connector on a PCB?
Tell me more about connector pitches
How many rows are available for board to board connectors?
What are the PCB orientation options?
What are the connector orientation options?
How are board to board connectors packaged?
What materials are used in your board to board connectors?
Tell me more about profile and stacking heights
What are the pin and contact options?
What are Polarized Connectors?
I need a connector outside of your standard range!

What are the basic types of Board to Board Connector?

Broadly speaking, board to board connectors are manufactured in the following types:

Pin Header
Pin Header
aka
Male Header
Elevated Pin Header
Elevated Pin Header
aka
Stacked
Stacker
Mezzanine
PC104 Header
Socket
Socket
aka
Female Header
Receptacle
Elevated Socket
Elevated Socket
aka
Stacked
Stacker
Mezzanine
PC104 Socket
Shrouded Header
Shrouded Header
aka
Box Header

How can I mount Board to Board Connectors on a PCB?

GCT board to board connectors are available in through hole (TH) and Surface Mount (SMT) variants.

Locating pegs (also referred to as locating posts, alignment pins or board locks) are used to assist alignment of connectors to the PCB. Locating pegs are particularly useful when using surface mount components.

Through Hole
Through-Hole (TH)
Surface mount
Surface Mount (SMT)
Locating Peg Example
Locating Peg example

Tell me more about connector pitches

Pitch refers to the spacing between individual pins. There are numerous considerations the hardware designer must balance in choosing the correct connector pitch:

Space constraint - The smaller the pitch, the smaller the connector. Generally using smaller pitches allows lower connector profiles and thus lower printed circuit board stacking profiles. However, GCT offer numerous low profile connector options across all pitches.

Current carrying capacity - the smaller the header pin size the lower the current carrying capacity.

Other physical constraints - does the range offer the connector types to achieve the design you require? e.g. there are sixty seven 2.54mm connector options and nineteen 1.00mm options, so depending on your design you're more likely to find a physical solution in the numerically larger ranges. That said, the small ranges cater for the most basic designs, such as PCB's mating in co-planar, right angle and parallel orientations.

GCT board to board connectors are available in the following pitches:

Connector pitch 0.80x1.20mm
0.80x1.20mm
(.031"x.047")
Connector pitch 1.00mm
1.00mm
(.039")
Connector pitch 1.27mm
1.27mm
(.050")
Connector pitch 2.00mm
2.00mm
(.079")
Connector pitch 2.54mm
2.54mm
(.100")
Connector pitch 3.96mm
3.96mm
(.156")
Connector pitch 4.00mm
4.00mm
(.157")
Connector pitch 5.08mm
5.08mm
(.200")

For experienced hardware designers choosing board to board connectors is second nature, for the uninitiated it can be daunting. We offer design support and will help guide you through the options available. If you need help with your board to board connector design, contact GCT. Where required GCT also offer non standard pitches, you can see an example on our custom connector page.


How many rows are available for Board to Board Connectors?

GCT offer headers are receptacles in single, dual, triple and quad row configurations. Single and dual row are popular choices, while triple and quadruple row are offered in a smaller number of pitch and style options.

Connector single row
Single
Connector dual row
Dual
Connector triple row
Triple
Connector quad row
Quad

What are the PCB orientation options?

Dependent on the your application, PCB's can be oriented in a variety of ways:

Parallel Connector orientation
Parallel
aka
Mezzanine
Stacked
Sandwich
Horizontal Connector orientation
Horizontal
aka
Planar
Side-by-Side
Butt-Ended
Right Angle Connector Orientation
Perpendicular
aka
Right Angle
Daughter Card
Vertical
U-Shaped Connector Orientation
U-Shaped
aka
Economical alternative for LED connector strips

What are the connector orientation options?

In order to cater for differing PCB orientations, different board to board connector orientations have been developed to suit. In most application a pin header and socket would be used as a pair ro simplify assembly and allow disconnection/reconnection (mating cycle) as required.

Straight Header orientation
Straight
Straight socket orientation
Right Angle Header orientation
Right Angle
Right Anglesocket orientation
U-Shaped double insulator PCB connector
U-Shaped
U-Shaped single insulator PCB connector

To achieve a connection between a pair of parallel PCB's only one part combination can be used:

  • Straight pin header and straight socket

To achieve a connection between a pair of horizontal PCB's only one part combination can be used:

  • Right angled pin header and right angled socket
In applications where repeat mating cycles are not required a single U-shaped pin header can be used and soldered directly to both PCB's.

To achieve a connection between a pair of perpendicular PCB's, two combinations could be used:

  • Straight pin header and right angled socket
  • Right angled pin header and straight socket

What are the pin and contact options?

Here are some examples of board to board pin and contact options.

Voided Pin

Voided Pin Example Connector Larger pitches can be created by selective loading (i.e. a .100 (2.54mm) pitch pin header with every 2nd pin omitted = .200 (5.08mm) pitch). Voided pin (also known as selective loading or polarization) can be applied to all types of board to board connector.

Voided Contacts

Voided Contact Example Connector As with the voided pin but with reference to sockets (also known as voided contact or polarization).

Post and tail length

Post length (also known as post height) is the length of pin above the plastic insulator that mates with the socket (only applicable to pin headers):

post length or post height example

Tail length is the length of pin below the insulator that is used to solder to the PCB. Tail length is applicable to pin headers and sockets but only in through hole format:

tail length header tail length socket

Post or pin size (mm²)

Post/pin size is the cross section of the conductor measured in mm².
Each different pitch has a different post size:

  • .039" (1mm pitch) = 0.30mm²/0.012”²
  • .050" (1.27mm pitch) = 0.40mm²/0.016”² or 0.46mm²/0.018”²
  • .079" (2mm pitch) = 0.50mm²/0.020”²
  • .100" (2.54mm pitch) = 0.64mm²/0.025”²
  • Custom connector – GCT design & manufacture board to board connectors to suit customer specific applications

Kinked Pins

Kinked pins (also known as locking leads) are used as a method of fastening a through hole pin header or socket to a PCB prior to soldering.
Kinked pins are particularly useful when using tall components and/or wave soldering process that may cause the connector to move out of position before it can be soldered in place.

Example of a kinked PCB header pin:

Kinked Pin Board to Board Connector

Contact Type

GCT manufactures 4 types of contacts for use in sockets:

  • Stamped tuning fork
  • Dual beam spring contact
  • Triple beam spring contact
  • Four sided spring contact

Please see individual datasheets for contact types used in each range.


Plastic Insulators

Plastic insulators are used for the following purposes:

  • To align and position contacts and pins accurately, for example tolerance is typically .01mm in all directions, the insulator is critical in achieving this.
  • To insulate the header pins and socket contacts from each other

GCT board to board connector insulators are Nylon 6T or LCP (Liquid Crystal polymer), and are produced with complex and highly accurate tools. Below are some of the features of these insulator materials:

  • General
    • Excellent dielectric properties
    • Resistance to corrosion
    • Light weight and easily fabricated
    • Withstand SMT processing temperatures
  • Nylon 6T
    • Good stability & high strength
  • LCP
    • Very strong
    • Mouldable into thin walls - perfect for low profile insulators

PCB Connector Stacking

Profile Above PCB

A good starting point when calculating PCB connector stacking is to calcualte the board to board connector height. This is measured from the printed circuit board face to its highest insulator point above the PCB is known as its profile. See some examples below:

pcb stacking profile examples

Parallel PCB Mating - Elevated Headers

When an exact distance is required between PCB's it is common to use a stacking pin header and female socket arrangement.

For example, if a PCB separation distance of 20mm is required a 5.00mm profile socket and 15mm stacking height elevated pin header could be used. This is only an example as in the GCT board to board connector range we have connectors with a variety of insulator profiles, depending on connector pitch.

pcb stacking parallel elevated header examples

Parallel PCB Mating - Elevated Sockets

An alternative to stacking headers. Why customers choose stacking sockets:

  • Isolation - contacts encased in shroud.
  • Stacking solution required - design of PCB header is out of customers control. e.g. Off the shelf wireless module PCB.
  • Superior strength vs stacking header.
  • If two stackers are used then one elevated header and socket will polarise.
pcb stacking parallel elevated socket examples

Parallel PCB Mating - Bottom Entry Sockets

Also known as pass through, allows mating with a pin header from the underside of the PCB rather than the top side.

When bottom entry sockets are used, holes are drilled in the PCB to allow the pin header to pass through.

Example of a bottom entry, SMT socket PCB layout:

KEY

smt-pad SMT Pads
smt-pad Drilled holes to allow header pins to pass through
smt-pad Drilled holes for locating pegs
parallel bottom entry socket example

Customers choose bottom entry sockets to reduce distance between stacked PCB's, or to allow use of a single sided PCB.

In order to select the correct header mating pin length customers must provide PCB thickness (for example 1.6mm/.062"), the PCB thickness must be taken into account to calculate the total distance to the mating point. GCT receptacle drawings show the mating points.


Connector Contact Material and Plating

connector contact material and plating

This section covers connector contact material and plating within GCT's board to board connector range. Core header pins & receptacle contacts are manufactured using high quality copper alloy, this material is cost effective, easy to manufacture with good electrical properties.

Metal plating layers are added to the core pin or contact to allow or improve:

  • Corrosion resistance
  • Wear resistance
  • Solderability
  • Electrical performance
  • Temperature protection
  • Appearance

All pins and contacts are under-plated with a layer of nickel to:

  • Provide wear and corrosion resistance
  • Resist migration of materials between the base material and finish plating

Finish plating is available in variants of gold or RoHS compliant tin

  • Tin offers excellent solderability and conductivity, but low durability - low cost
  • Gold offers excellent conductivity, low resistance, excellent corrosion resistance and durability - high cost
  • GCT's gold flash plating offers a good balance between the advantages of gold and the lower cost of tin.

How are board to board connectors packaged?

GCTs range of board to board connectors are available in a variety of packaging options as standard:

  • Loose in bag or box
  • Tray
  • Tube
  • Tube with pick and place (P+P) cap or film
  • Tape and reel (T+R) with pick and place (P+P) cap or film

Custom packaging is available. For example, through hole connectors in tape and reel packaging for paste in hole applications. Contact us to request a custom packaging option.

See images below for some packaging examples. More information is available on specific product datasheets.

pcb connector packaging metal cap
Metal Cap
pcb connector packaging plastic cap
Plastic Cap
pcb connector packaging film
Film

Tape and Reel Packaging for SMT Components

GCT's SMT headers offers customizable mating pin lengths and each series has a choice of multiple numbers of circuits. This adds up to thousands of individual part number combinations per connector series.

It's important for connectors to be packaged within correctly sized cavities in the tape and reel carrier strip, the correct height, width and depth cavity to house the header and cap keeps parts in a secure and consistent position during transportation. Once connectors reach the production line they should be presented for pick and place process in a consistent and stable manner.

GCT offer a range of custom Tape and reel carrier strip packaging cavities. One T&R cavity can accept more than one circuit size, however, given the number of connector variations not all cavities are tooled.

The examples below show headers, SMT sockets are also offered in multiple cavity sizes, the height and footprint of sockets may often be fixed, but width is a custom variable dependent on circuit size.

pcb connector tape and reel

Customers may also choose T&R packaging for thru hole component used in a paste in hole production process.

Contact your local GCT sales office to discuss your PCB connector packaging requirements.


What are Polarized Connectors?

GCT's range of polarized connectors for board to board applications offer a variety of options. Customers may choose from a range of pitch sizes, each having their own method of assuring that mating headers and sockets may only be plugged together in the correct way. All options include shrouding and keying designed into insulator on the male and female mating halves.

Why use polarized connectors?

  1. Eliminates connector mis-mating, which depending on where power is routed can avoid costly damage to OEM equipment.
  2. Allows multiple connectors to be used on one piece of equipment, customers may choose to use different polarized circuit sizes, such as a 10 and 20 position to clearly identify which orientation a mating PCB is designed to plug together.
  3. Aids blind mating, where the installer or end user cannot see the connection to be made, and has to feel for the connection.
  4. Helps prevent damage to exposed header posts (.050" & .1" pitches).

Range by Pitch

Shrouded Polarised Board to Board Connector 1mm

1.00mm Pitch

The keyed and molded BC060 & BC061 offer a tiny, surface mount, polarized connector option for parallel PCB mating configurations, available in 10-30 circuits.


Shrouded Polarised Board to Board Connector 1.27mm

1.27mm Pitch

Polarization is achieved by a different sized cut out at each end of the male header, the female connector include two end pieces which mate perfectly with the header cut outs. In addition there is an offset sideway key. There are options in this range to mate PCB's in parallel and right tangle orientation. An elevated stacker header offers other design choices for stacking polarization.


Shrouded Polarised Board to Board Connector 2.54mm

2.54mm Pitch

A Central bump system similar to traditional IDC connectors prevents header and socket being mismated. Headers are keyed while the receptacle has a sidewall bump.


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